Tag Archives: Shopping Ideas

News about the latest consumer products available in the market. And also stories of fashion trends.

Celebrating Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri


Top post on IndiBlogger, the biggest community of Indian Bloggers

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri was celebrated by organizing a Diwali Mela organized on the weekend before the festival from Oct 13th to 15th.  A lot of Diwali shopping could be done at the stalls. Especially at the stalls by NGOs who sold Diwali items made by the underprivileged and visually handicapped children. Children participated in competitions and enjoyed in the play area.  And there was a lot of food and entertainment.

Dilli Haat Janakpuri celebrates all the festivals with lots of entertainment for people of all age groups. Dill Haat Janakpuri opened two years back and during every religious, national or state festivals there is all-around entertainment.

One of the highlights of the at the Diwali celebrations were the lamps and decoration items made by:

  • Underprivileged children
  • The visually impaired
  • Traditional artiste in villages

Painting competition

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri
Painting Competition

There was a painting competition for children for FREE!!. Children of any age group up to the 12th standard could join. And they could win prizes and scholarships.

Diwali decoration by Underprivileged Kids

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri
Lotus-shaped Diya made of disposable spoons

There was a stall of Nidaan Foundation (an NGO) which sold  Diwali decorations made by the underprivileged kids. There were little clay pots painted and decorated colourfully. One star attraction was the Diwali lamp or Diya which looked like a lotus. Priyam Mathur of Nidaan Foundation said that the Diya was made from disposable spoons. Another decoration was a wall hanging with icecream sticks and a Ganesha statue on the frame.

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri
Clay pots painted and decorated by underprivileged children.

Two in one light and scent

Fragrance oil lamps

This was really cute. When the electric blub is lit and the lamp gets heated then the oil, poured on the top, emanates beautiful scent. There was also the candle version instead of the electric one, where you can place a candle inside the electric bulb.

Wooden crockery from Nagaland

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri
Wooden crockery from Nagaland

There was beautifully polished wooden crockery made from Teak wood. The crockeries were carved by local artisans in Nagaland. There were also trays made from jute.

Khadi wears for women

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri
Khadi dresses at affordable rates

The khadi dresses are affordable with prices from the range of Rs 500 – Rs 1200. The Khadi wears are manufactured and sold by a lady entrepreneur.

Diwali lighting made by visually impaired kids

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri
Beautifully carved diyas made by visually impaired children

There was also a stall of Diwali items made by the students of Akhil Bharatiya Netrahin Sangh – a school for the blinds. There were beautifully carved and painted diyas. The entire Diwali decoration shopping can be done here as there are Candles, lamps, dhoop aggarbattis and pooja items.

Songs and entertainment at the Amphitheatre

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri
Music being played at Amphitheatre

All the while the amphitheatre played loud music that kept the Haat lively. 

Kids play area

Diwali 2017 at Dilli Haat Janakpuri
Children playing at the Dilli Haat

To keep the children entertained there are a few play items.

Overall the Dilli Haat in Janakpuri is a good place to hang out with family during the Diwali holidays. The vast expanse of the Dilli Haat has got unique architectural buildings. To beautiful landscaping and the amazing architects is a beautiful blend of nature and architectural skills.

Related Posts:

Nonstop festivity at Delhi Haat Janakpuri

Off-road and On-road experience with TATA Hexa

When I got the invitation for ‘power packed, feature loaded, adrenaline pumped’ TATA Hexa #hexaexperience, I took my family along for two reasons. Firstly, I gave up travelling long distance on road because of excruciating pain due to arthritis; and secondly, my family is better at judging the features of a car. We decided that if the off-road rides were too bumpy and rough,  then my family will continue with the ride, while I watch them from the arena.

Tata Hexa

Hexaexperience Centre

The ambience at the #Hexaexperience centre at Gurugram, was inviting. There was only reasonable crowd who had come seriously to have an #Hexaexperience. And in addition to sitting in a car driven by an expert for the off-road experience, you could also self-drive on road if you own a drivers licence.

tata hexa

Special ride for Kids!!!

When we went for the off road ride, the kids were taken for a special ride, where they were taken for a spinning, speed drive and a little of the bumpy rides, excluding some of the extremely rough hurdles. Kids returned smiling, and a small complaint that ‘Uncle did not take us on all the hurdles’.

Tata Hexa

Attractive Exterior

While waiting for our turn for the off-road experience we could see four Wild Hexa speeding and spinning on the dusty ground. The six-seater TATA Hexa is huge and attracts attention with the grand exterior.

tata hexa

Designed for Hills and Sports

The Seats were extremely comfortable, and there was enough leg space with seat belts for all the seats. We were taken for the rough and tough drive, with sudden breaks applied at close intervals. The car went spinning fast three time, and then we crossed a huge muddy pit with utter grace and elan. Then we had a ride up an artificial hill, a hill hold and a hill descent. Hexa has special features for Hill hold and Hill Descent control.

Tata Hexa

Amazing Wheel Balance

Another amazing hurdle is balancing TATA Hexa on three, 19″ Machined-cut Alloy, Wheels. While sitting inside you do not feel the jerk, but when you watch the video here you will understand the adrenaline feel of the vehicle.

Then we went for the on-road drive. There was Air Conditioner for all the the three row, so the ride was quite comfortable. TATA Hexa got Sports Mode with Race Car Function, by which the car races at amazing speed at the same sudden breaks can be applied with relative ease, without causing discomfort to the passengers. There are a number of exclusive features for the car making it unique, state of the art and giving a tough competition to Cars like Innova Crysta.

I spent few years of my childhood abroad, hence a desi product appeals to me only if products – be it chocolates, cosmetics or electronic gadget – meet all the international standard of quality. Hexa, according to me, is absolutely abiding to the international standards of quality. Sitting inside the car I felt like the product could give tough fight to any foreign brand. And in addition during the three hours that I spent at the #Hexaexperience centre, I forget about my pain. I feel TATA Hexa is absolutely suitable for long rides for people suffering from pains like me. The pricing of the Car is said to be between the range of 12 lakh INR to 18 lakh INR.

Tata Hexa

In addition to the #Hexaexperience, there was also a dog show for adoption of abandoned dog. There was also the food corner with amazing food. The free coffee served at the counter was one of its kind. The coffee first looked like black coffee, and on stirring with the spoon the creamy milk got mixed and the taste is still there at the tip of my tongue.

TATA is known for quality be it steel, coffee, tea, coffee or cars. Hence Hexa will surely set new standard for Cars in India.

Bajaj Allianz General Insurance services are just a tweet away

Making a customer care call and queuing up patiently for a customer care executive to answer your call has become history, now Bajaj Allianz General Insurance introduces #twitterinsurance. An industry first initiative, Bajaj Allianz General Insurance is leveraging Twitter’s real time platform to offer instant services to customers and to non-customers.

The twitter service was initiated on May 23rd in Pune, with the company’s goal to provide expedite and hassle-free customer experience to both customers and non-customers alike. Bajaj Allianz General Insurance in arguably the first insurance company in the country which is harnessing on the power on the power of the digital platform.

Types of services provided

Anyone wishing in getting insurance information and services can simply send a tweet at the Bajaj Allianz Twitter handle with relevant hashtags and get the reply by Direct Message. Various hashtags are used for the variety of services provided by Bajaj Allianz General Insurance. The service that one can avail include the following:Bajaj Allianz General Insurance

Who Can get access to the services

Every service has a unique hashtag and anyone who has queries about the products can tweet to get an instant reply. Since the replies are provided by Direct Messages, the communication will be private and secure.Bajaj Allianz General Insurance

Commenting on the launch, Mr. Tapan Singhel, MD and CEO, Bajaj Allianz General Insurance, says, “Technology has been a great enabler for the insurance industry, especially in the general insurance space given that the touch points with our customers are numerous in terms of service delivery. The need of the hour is customer-centric innovations that provide real time service to our customers. At Bajaj Allianz General Insurance, it has been our constant endeavor to aggressively leverage technology to bring in enhanced customer experience and transparency. #TweetInsurance is yet another step in this direction.”

Mr. Singhel added, “With Indians becoming more and more informed and connected, the aim is to consistently modernize communication channels and deliver the right solutions and assistance instantly. This initiative makes a digital channel of engagement an integral part in redefining our relationship with customers.”

About Bajaj Allianz General Insurance

Bajaj Allianz General Insurance is a joint venture between Allianz SE, the world’s leading insurer, and Bajaj

Finserv Limited. Allianz SE is a leading insurance conglomerate globally and one of the largest asset managers in the world. Bajaj Allianz General Insurance is one of the leading private general insurance companies in India. The Company offers various general insurance products like motor insurance, home insurance, health insurance, travel insurance and also unique insurance plans such as wedding insurance, event Insurance, film insurance. Bajaj Allianz has received iAAA rating, from ICRA Limited, an associate of Moody’s Investors Service for ten consecutive years. This rating indicates highest claims paying ability and a fundamentally strong position. The Company began its operations in 2001 and today has a presence in over 200 towns and cities in India. The Company has been constantly expanding its operations to be close to its customers.

Zinedine Zidane : brand ambassador of Upcoming Paris Inspired Residential Complex in Mumbai

After Messi, now the renowned footballer and coach Zinedine Zidane will be the Brand Ambassador of an Indian company. Real estate development company Kanakia Spaces today confirmed the signing of French football legend and Real Madrid manager Zinedine Zidane as face for its ‘Paris’ project in the Bandra-Kurla Complex.

Probably this kind of an endorsement is for the first time in Asia, because Zinedine Zidane owns three in one fame – a celebrity, ace-footballer and a Coach. When asked about his new assignment in India Zinedine Zidane said “This is my first involvement in India directly and I am delighted to be a part of it. When Mr. Himanshu Kanakia and Mr. Ashish Kanakia reached out to me for this project, I did not hesitate and was delighted to come on board with them in a consulting capacity for this project.”

Kanakia Paris is a unique project and aims to recreate a Parisian experience for the future residents at the complex. The project will bring to life the essence of Paris, namely art, romance, architecture, monuments, fashion and food, fully immersing residents in the Parisian way of life.

To make the Paris inspired project more authentically indigenous  a renowned architect from Paris, Olivier Vecchierini, will design the landscape and some interiors of the project. He is going to use his vast experience across various countries to ensure Kanakia Paris delivers a unique experience.

There are 7 towers at Kanakia Paris with 463 units in the 2 & 3 bedroom categories which start at Rs. 3.7 crores.

Kanakia Group was formed in the year 1986 and has earned a distinct reputation as one of India’s premium developers. It is rated as one of the top-ten real estate development brands in Mumbai.

The flagship real estate development company, Kanakia Spaces Pvt. Ltd. has delivered over 13 million sq. ft. of commercial, residential, entertainment, education and industrial spaces to date. The company has been honoured with several prestigious awards for its landmark projects, which exemplify the quality Kanakia put in their work.

Indian Standard time or Singapore Standard Time

The only time I went on a group trip was on a Singapore-Indonesia tour ten years ago.  It was arranged by a travel agent and there were atleast 20 families in the group. A friend took all responsibility of the trip, so we hardly had any worries except to do all the shopping about the trip and brag with friends and relatives. In those day very few people went on international tours, so we felt proud.

At a destined time we reached an assigned spot to take the Tourist bus to Kochi Airport. After Picking up friends at various points we bagan the 2 hour road trip. We enjoyed a enjoyable ‘picnic’ trip to the airport, singing and joking. At the airport also we enjoyed 3 hours of masti, as we had an agent to take care of the paper works, we only had to enjoy the trip.

Most of our friends were first time travellers so when the flight took off there were  humorous experiences; one 25 year old guy cried for his Mom.

Everything was fine until we reached the Singapore Airport. Then we were ‘handed over’ to a Singaporean Guide, I thing her name was Mary. Then we understood why Singapore is much ahead of ‘time’.

Mary was particular about time unlike we Indians. In India we reach a place atleast an hour after the designated time. The only person I know to be punctual is Big ‘B’ – Amitabh Bachchan.  Mary took us around on a tourist bus to tourist destinations like the Mirlions and Botanical Garden. While we de-board the bus she gives us strict instruction to come back at a sharp timing ; say for instance 4:00 PM.

Most of the time we all messed up with the timing. We used to get even half an hour late and then Mary got even more strict. She said next time she will not wait for anyone and just move on.

We had to obey because non of us had a local SIM, so she was our boss for the trip.

The next day we were all on time and Mary praised us for mending our manners. From then on she used to say “come back at Singapore Standard Time and not Indian Standard Time”

Next day we went to Sentosa Island, Singapore Zoo, Chinatown and various other places.  We saw the four different ethnic groups – Chines, Malaya, Indian and other staying together and working in unison for the betterment of their own self and of the country. All religious groups Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam stay together in harmony.

Singapore is like a well kept home, not a single piece of paper or a bit of dust could be found anywhere. All the cars were less than 15 years old so they shined like new cars. And above all the same water was used in the wash room and for drinking. You can take water from the wash room and prepare tea.

By the end of the tour Mary became friendly and she learned a few malayalam words and promised to visit Kerala very soon. We bought some tokens to remember the Trip.

Finally we were handed over to the Indian Guide at the Airport, we were much relieved because we could now follow the Indian Standard time. Just like at the beginning of the trip we were dropped home from Kochi Airport by Bus.

We came back with lots of memories and learning . If we follow Singapore Standard Time (Punctuality) we can have success in life and we can contribute a lot to our society.

 

Police verified Maids and Drivers for your home and office

Clueless about how to find trustworthy Maids and Drivers, then visit saaarthi.com to get Police verified helps for your home or office. Saaarthi is an organisation based in Mumbai, that provides maids and drivers who have been thoroughly verified

Saaarthi has a systematic and meticulous process of verifying the helps.

  • A thorough background check of the candidate
  • Followed by Police verification.

Saarthi helps us choose a skilled help according to our requirement, from a number of candidates provided by Saaarthi, without worrying about their background credentials.

In Delhi, yesterday an elderly was suspected to have been killed by a mason he hired to paint the house. The accused had a scuffle two days back with the victim about the payment and so he killed him along with the help of the house maid and her husband.  Such incidents are becoming rampant and in such scenario Saarthi provides Police verified Maids and Drivers.

In Nuclear families, as men and women opt for full-time careers, there is always requirment for trustworthy and skilled maids to take care of kids, elderly and to do household works. At this juncture saaarthi.com provides Maids and Drivers who are pre-verified.

Saaarthi Household Solutions Helps  hire Police Verified Drivers

  • Police Clearance Check (PCC) Done for all deployed drivers.
  • Complete set of fingerprints, Photographs and other details are maintained in our servers.

Tips That Could help you to keep Your Family Safe

  • Verify all domestic help with the police, even those who work part-time.
  • Do not hire any domestic servant on the recommendation of your milkman, driver and security man. Get references from employers.
  • Do not let your domestic servant’s ‘friends’ inside your house.
    Whenever a new servant is employed, the police station should be informed. His photographs, fingerprints and other details must be obtained and verified.

Saaarthi provides reliable maids and drivers, and liberates us from the tedious job of police verification of the candidates. In addition, Saaarthi also provides replacement of the candidates in case we find the person does not meet our requirement.

Kidoonz: attractive kids product; affordable price

Kidoonz has the right kind of solution for parents like you and me who refuse the demands of our kids because of ‘the pricing’. If you could not buy your kid the expensive, branded bag and storage bag they demanded, Kidoonz is the right shopping destination for you. Kids, like to exhibit trendy chairs, bottles and bags before their friends. What matters to the kids is the look and the unique features of the products and not the cost of the products.

Cool range  of kids product

Kidoonz, the Kids startup aims to make ‘cool’ kids product more accessible and affordable like the Unbreakable Glass Bottles, Sling Bags, Kids Chairs, Foldable Storage Box, Emoji Bag, Party Props, Baby Bibs, Sock Bottles, Small Water Bottles, Kids Cosmetics Bags, Car Carriers, Kitty Lamp, Birthday Cap with Lights and Dancing Monkey.kidoonz bottlekidoonz dancing minionskidoonz photo bagskidoonz water bottles

Affordable Price: Quality Products

With 305 million kids aged between 0-12 and a whooping $21 billion market catering kids products in India, Kidoonz aims to provide affordable range of fun kids products.  ‘We wanted to make fun kids products accessible to all at affordable prices, because at the moment the sector is still evolving and from a personal perspective we saw a huge gap in how relatable a brand is.’, says Dipenty Gupta, the co-founder of Kidoonz.   

Happy shopping for Parents and Kids

Kidoonz wants to make shopping for kids a pleasurable experience for both the parents and kids Shopping for Kids in current times online is not very ideal as everything is too expensive or just harder to find the right things. Our philosophy is simple, first think like kids and then think like their moms. Kidoonz begins right from that intersection point.’’, says Rishup Gupta, the founder of Kidoonz.

The Delhi based Startup is currently selling their products on online ecommerce sites like Amazon, Snapdeal and Flipkart; and they plan to open their own showroom this year.

Kidoonz carves a niche in the kids products market because of their attractive range of products and the low prices. Moreover, there are no major players in kids gears and accessories domain.

Find out more information on about them on www.facebook.com/kidoonz or their website www.kidoonz.com.

How to celebrate Eco-friendly Holi

In an ideal world, the joyous festival of Holi is meant to celebrate the arrival of Spring while the colours used in Holi are to reflect of the various hues of spring season. But unfortunately, in modern times Holi does not stand for all things beautiful. Like various other festivals, Holi too has become ruthlessly commercialized, boisterous and yet another source of environmental degradation and health problem. Hence many consumers are on the look out for Holi Colours made from natural materials and safe for health and environment.

Toxic Elements/Chemical in Holi Colours

According to many research and previous studies related to Holi colour products, the pastes contain very toxic chemicals/elements that can have severe health effects.You can also get tested your holi colour products at NRCLPI ( National Referral Centre for Lead Projects in India) , St John’s Medical College, Kormanagala , Bengaluru.

Few examples of colour and the chemical content with their few health effects on human and environment:

Eco-friendly Holi COlours
Table 1: Holi Colours and their chemical content

Harmful Chemicals in Gulal & Harms of Wet Holi Colours
The dry colours, commonly known as gulals, have two components a colorant that is toxic and a base which could be either asbestos or silica, both of which cause health problems. Heavy metals contained in the colorants can cause asthma, skin diseases and adversely affect the eyes.

Wet colours, mostly use Gentian violet as a colour concentrate which can cause skin discoloration and dermatitis.

These days, Holi colours sell loose, in the market and traders are also unaware about the source of the holi colour products as it comes from a group of networked people/sellers exchanging hand to hand from different parts of the country. In few instants, the colours come wrapped that specifically say for industrial purpose/use or without any origin/manufacture details.

Make your own Eco-friendly Holi colours

Holi festival lovers will be thrilled to know that it is possible to make simple, natural colours in one’s own home. Here are some very simple recipes to make natural colours:

eco-friendly holi colour
Table:2 Ingredients to prepare eco-friendly holi colours

Safeguarding Water

Just on 22 March we all observed World Water Day, across the Globe. In the current scenario, when India and the rest of the world is facing acute water shortage, the water wastage in the name of Holi in the extreme, is also being unjusticable. It is usual or general using buckets of water during Holi but please keep in mind that you are not only wasting water resource, but also polluting it with harmful and toxic chemicals. If a single person uses 2 liter of water on Holi on splashing/playing just imagine the number of liters of water used across India with a billion+ population .

So, make sure we don’t waste and pollute water, which is most needed for our coming generations too.

Tips to celebrate a safe Holi

  • Use homemade natural and safe colours-Learn the art of preparing the colours yourself and enjoy teaching your younger’s and your neighbors too.
  • Use natural, skin-friendly and herbal colours are the ones made by reputed companies using natural products.
  • If you opt to buy/purchase colours, commercially be sure to purchase naturally made products from reputed companies also ensure about the source.
  • Apply a nice layer of oil to your hair before playing Holi so that residue from the dyes does not get stuck to your hair and scalp.
  • Ensure that your eyes remain protected at all times. Wash with plenty of clean water should any colour get into your eyes accidentally. See a doctor if the irritation still persists.
  • If you are playing Holi, apply a thick layer of coconut or any oil on your body and hair until they glisten and you become slippery.
  • Wear dental caps if possible to protect your teeth.
  • Avoid flashing on the face and as well protect your face from the Holi colours.
  • Wear clothes at the maximum to cover your body.
  • Apply an oil/cream of good quality to protect your skin.

Traditional Background

The Holi is an ancient Indian festival of colours symbolizing signs of happiness, joy and growth engaging all ages of people. The celebrations in India cut across section and religious conviction. This festival, now also draws a world attention and many countries are also celebrating the festival of colours and enjoying with sharing of sweets.., love.., peace and brotherly hood.

Holi is celebrated with enthusiasm and gaiety on the full moon day in the month of Phalgun which is the month of March as per the Gregorian calendar. Holi festival may be celebrated known by different names among people of various states and would be following different rituals & traditions. But, what makes Holi so unique and special is the spirit and enthusiasm of it which remains the same throughout the country and even across the globe, wherever it is celebrated.

This festival celebrates the arrival of spring on Fagun Sud Purnima. Also known as Falgunika, people celebrate the changing season and the beauty associated with spring blossoms by spraying colour.

In the Gita (10/35), Shri Krishna proclaims spring as the foremost season and one of his Vibhutis -forms: Rutunaam kusumaakaraha

The ritual of offering roasted grain to Agni – fire-deity is known as Navaanineshti. In Sanskrit, roasted grain is Holaakaa, from which the Hindi ‘Holi’ is derived. Since Vedic times people availed the newly harvested grain only after offering to the devas. This offering of new grain is Holi.

The Bhavishyottara Puran associates Holi both with man and Yagna. Therefore the Yagna performed for man’s salvation is Holi.

About the Author:  
vinay kumarVinay Kumar. C is an Environmental Researcher at NRCLPI – The National Referral Centre for Lead Poisoning in India. He is a multi-skilled professional having an excellent track record of managing complex functional projects in various environments.  

 DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author’s own.

Booking for Rs 251 Smartphones begins at 6:00 AM on Feb 18

Ringing Bells, the smartphone manufacturer in India, has launched the world’s cheapest smartphone Freedom 251 costing at Rs 251. The booking for the smartphone can be done from the company’s website freedom251.com starting February 18, from 6:00 AM onwards. Here are a few things to know about the Rs 251 Smartphone, Freedom 251, which cost less than $4:

handheld x-ray fluorescence xrf analyzer for lead testing

Now that we discussed about the sources of lead, you might wonder if it is possible to detect the presence of lead in our homes. Lab analyses are expensive and time-consuming. However the handheld x-ray fluorescence (xrf) analyzer is the best substitute because we can take the instrument to the product, for instance for testing the soil. This battery operated, handheld x-ray fluorescence xrf analyzer is useful in detecting not only lead but also chlorine, cadmium, mercury, chromium, etc.

Uses of handheld x-ray fluorescence XRF analyzer

Presently handheld x-ray fluorescence xrf analyzer is used in western countries mainly by the manufacturers, sellers and importers to ensure complete safety of the product from hazardous substances. The manufacturers use handheld x-ray fluorescence (xrf) analyzer to detect toxins at three stages:

  • examining the raw materials before manufacturing
  • analyzing if the toxic elements are within permissible limits during the manufacturing process
  • verifying that the finished products comply with the specification of the the consumer safety guidelines.

Soil testing Vs Lead-leaching crops

Studies also indicate lead levels in people’s blood correspond directly to the amount of lead in the soil where they live. There can be many reason for the amount of lead in the soil to be more than that occurs naturally. Industrial activities, pesticide use, lead paint and lead batteries are some of the reasons for high level of lead in soil. When lead-leaching crops are cultivated is highly toxic soil they will be contaminated. Some of the common source of lead is through Lead-leaching crops including herbs, leafy greens and root vegetables such as potatoes, radishes and carrots.  Handheld x-ray fluorescence (xrf) analyzer, are being used to detect the level of lead in the soil. Anyone who cultivates vegetables be it  kitchen garden, farmhouse or community farms they can approach organization that conduct soil test using handheld x-ray fluorescence (xrf) analyzer. Soil amendments can be made if the soil is found to be high in lead content.

handheld x-ray fluorescence xrf analyzer

Relevance of handheld x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyzer in India

There is high vulnerability to lead exposure as lead is found in many of the commonly used items, Batteries, Crayons, polymers, toys, paints, etc. As many homes are relatively old and small scale industries are found near to residential areas, the soil needs to be checked before cultivation is done.  Handheld x-ray fluorescence (xrf) analyzer can be used to screen a wide rand of products, plastic, paints, toys, electrical items, etc.

Lead exposure is a matter of serious concern as there are about 600,000 new cases of children developing intellectual disabilities and around 143,000 deaths every year. Campaign against lead hazards in India has been going on for decades, successfully resulting in the introduction of unleaded petrol and the paint manufacturers specifying whether lead is present in their products. Efforts are also on to reduce lead related occupational health hazards in India. However, it was the detection of lead in maggi that spread awareness regarding lead exposure.

Handheld x-ray fluorescence (xrf) analyzers are available in India.Here is an interview with Vinay Kumar C., Environmental Researcher with National Referral Centre for Lead Projects in India (NRCLPI) to have an insight about Handheld x-ray fluorescence (xrf) analyzers available in India.

Is handheld x-ray fluorescence (xrf) analyzer available only with NRCLPI, if not, where else are the instruments available?

No, the instrument is available in various primer research institutes and industries .

Can anyone buy the instrument or you need some kind of authorization?

Based on requirement by an industry/research institute it shall be supplied.

I think the same instrument is used to testing gold, can consumer go to some gold shop and get the lead test done?

Yes for large scale import & export XRF detection has been used. Generally Jewelers may also use electronic gold testers to figure out the quality of a piece of gold. Using a specific liquid or gel, they first create a circuit between the device’s probe and the gold.

Is this instrument user-friendly? Can this be operated by ordinary consumers?

Yes, the user is 100% user friendly and can be operated easily as it doesn’t require any reagents/chemicals/frequent software up gradation.But since it emits high frequency x-ray radiation which is harmful to health, it requires trained and knowledgeable person to use it in a safe mode without harming himself as well others.

Is this machine available for sale in India?

Yes, equipment is available in India and their various models of XRF, few are imported. 

How does a Handheld x-ray fluorescence xrf analyzers work

In a x-ray fluorescence (XRF), the electrons are displaced from their atomic orbital positions, whereby releasing energy which has the characteristic of the elements like lead, cadmium, etc. The XRF instrument detects and registers the release of energy.  The energy released helps in categorizing the element. Here is the analysis of the working of machine in detail:

The analyzer triggers X-ray beam with enough energy to affect the electrons in the inner shells of the atoms. The x-ray beam is then discharged from the front of the handheld XRF analyzer. The x-ray beam comes in contact  with the atoms in the sample by moving the electrons out of place from the inner orbital shells of the atom. This movement occurs as a result of the difference in energy between the x-ray beam emitted and the binding energy that holds electrons in their proper orbits; the displacement happens when the x-ray beam energy is higher than the binding energy of the electrons with which it interacts. Electrons have fixed positon at specific energies in an atom. In each element spacing between the orbital shells of an atom is unique to the atoms, so an atom of potassium (K) differs from the spacing between an atom of gold (Au), or silver (Ag), etc.

When electrons are displaced of their orbit, they leave behind vacant space, destabilising the atom. In order to correct, the instability created by the vacancies that the displaced electrons left behind, the atoms from higher orbits move down to a lower orbit where a vacancy exits. For instance, if an electron is shifted from the innermost shell of the atom, an electron from the upper shell can move down to fill the vacancy. This is fluorescence.

As electrons have higher binding energies the further they are away from the nucleus of the atom, an electron loses some energy when it drops from a higher electron shell to an electron shell closer to the nucleus. The amount of energy lost is equivalent to the difference in energy between the two electron shells, which is determined by the distance between them. The distance between the two orbital shells is unique to each element, as mentioned above. The energy lost helps in identifying the element from which it emanates, as the amount of energy lost in the fluorescence process is unique to each element. The individual fluorescent energies detected depends upon the elements that are present in the sample. In order to verify the amount of each element present, the proportion in which the individual energies appear can be calculated by the instrument.